नेपाल पूर्वाधार शिखर सम्मेलन २०१७ सम्पन्न

नेपाल उद्योग परिसंघको आयोजना तथा नेपाल सरकार र नेपाल युवा निर्माण व्यवसायी समाज (YCNC) को सहआयोजत्वमा २०७३ फागुन ८ र ९ गते काठमाण्डौमा आयोजना गरिएको नेपाल पूर्वाधार शिखर सम्मेलन २०१७ (Nepal Infrastructure Summit-2017) सफलतापूर्वक सम्पन्न भयो । नेपालका प्रधानमन्त्री पुष्पकमल दाहालको प्रमुख आतिथ्यता र भारतीय रेलमन्त्री सुरेश प्रभाकर प्रभु सम्मानित अतिथि रहेको उक्त सम्मेलनले अर्थतन्त्रलाई गतिशिल बनाउँदै उच्च, समावेशी र दिगो आर्थिक वृद्धिमार्फत उत्पादनमुलक रोजगारी श्रृजना र गरिबी निवारणका लागि दु्रतगतिमा पूर्वाधार विकास आवश्यक भएको तथ्यलाई पुनःस्थापित गरेको छ । वाञ्छित दरमा पूर्वाधार विकास गर्नका लागि ठुलो परिमाणमा लगानी आवश्यक पर्ने तथ्य स्थापित भइसकेको अवस्थामा सो लगानी सरकारी स्तरबाट मात्र जुटाउन सम्भव नभएकाले नीजि क्षेत्रलाई समेत यसमा सहभागी गराउने विषयमा ढिला गर्न नहुने प्रधानमन्त्री दाहालले बताए । यसका लागि उपयुक्त वातावरण बनाउन सरकार सदैव तयार रहेको दाहालको भनाई थियो ।
सम्मेलनका मूख्यवक्ता (key note speaker) भारतीय रेलमन्त्री प्रभु तथा एसियाली विकास बैंकका उपाध्यक्ष वेन्काई झ्याङले विभिन्न देशका अनुभवले पूर्वाधार विकासमा निजी लगानी परिचालन गर्न सार्वजनिक निजी साझेदारी (PPP)को महत्वपूर्ण भुमिका रहेको बताउँदै नेपालमा पनि यससंवन्धि ऐन छिटो ल्याउनु पर्नेमा सम्मेलनमा जोड दिइयो । सार्वजनिक र निजी क्षेत्रको लगानी परिचालनका लागि विभिन्न किसिमका स्वायत्त विकास कोष (Sovereign Development Fund) तथा रणनीतिक पूर्वाधार कोष (Strategic Infrastructure Fund) जस्ता विशेष उद्देश्यका लगानी उपकरण (Special Purpose Vehicles) स्थापना गर्न आवश्यक रहेको सम्मेलनका विज्ञ वक्ताहरुले सुझाए । त्यसैगरी, नेपाल जस्तो देशका लागि प्राकृतिक प्रकोप प्रतिरोधी र हरित पूर्वाधार विकासका लागि जलवायु लगानी कोष (Climate Financing Fund) समेत उपयुक्त हुने विज्ञहरुको धारणा थियो । त्यसका लागि सहयोग गर्न भारत तयार रहेको मन्त्री प्रभुले बताए ।  
सम्मेलन उद्घाटन सत्रका मूख्यवक्ता (Key Note Speaker) भारतीय मन्त्री प्रभुले नेपाल र भारत दुबैलाई लाभ हुने गरि अन्तरदेशीय पूर्वाधार विकासका लागि भारत सकारात्मक रहेको धारणा राखे । सोही अवसरमा मन्त्री प्रभुले काठमाडौंलाई भारतको राजधानी नयाँ दिल्ली तथा नेपालका लागि समुन्द्रपार व्यापारको पारवहन केन्द्र कोलकातासँग तिव्रगतिको रेल्वे सञ्जालले जोड्न भारत सरकारले कार्यक्रम बनाएको पनि बताए । त्यसका लागि नेपाल सरकारले उचित सुजबुझका साथ भारत सरकारसँगको समन्वय र सहकार्यमा योजना अघी बढाउनु पर्नेमा सम्मेलनले जोड दियो । परिसंघले लामो समयदेखि उठाउँदै आएको यस विषयलाई भारत सरकारले समेत आत्मसाथ गरेर अघि बढेकोले अब नेपाल सरकारले यस दिशामा कार्ययोजना बनाएर अघि बढ्नु पर्नेमा परिसंघको जोड छ ।
त्यसैगरी नेपालको उत्तरी छिमेकी तथा दोस्रो ठुलो व्यापार तथा लगानी साझेदार चिनतर्फ पनि सडक तथा रेल्वे सञ्जाल विस्तारका लागि सरकारी स्तरबाट पहल गर्नु पर्ने विषयमा सम्मेलनको सुझाव छ । उत्तर र दक्षिणका विशाल अर्थतन्त्र भएका छिमेकी देशसँग बलीया पूर्वाधार सञ्जाल विस्तार नेपालको आर्थिक समृद्धि तथा सामाजिक रुपान्तरणका लागि कोशे ढुङ्गा साबित हुने भएकाले यसलाई उच्च प्राथमिकतामा राख्नु पर्ने सम्मेलनको निष्कर्ष छ ।
दोस्रो नेपाल पूर्वाधार शिखर सम्मेलनको प्रमुख उद्देश्य पूर्वाधार विकासमा निजी क्षेत्रको परिहार्यता माथि बहस सुरु गर्नु थियो, जुन पूर्ण रुपमा सफल भएको प्रधानमन्त्री लगायत सम्वन्धित मन्त्रीहरुका साथै उच्च सरकारी अधिकारीहरुको अभिब्यत्ति तथा प्रतिवद्धता र विदेशी विज्ञहरुको भनाईले छलङ्ग पारेको छ । देश विकासमा निजी क्षेत्रको समेत सहभागितामा दिगो र दरिलो पूर्वाधार सञ्जाल किन आवश्यक छ भन्ने यस सम्मेलनले प्रमाणित गरेको परिसंघको वुझाई छ । अवको काम भनेको सम्मेलनमा भएका घोषणा र व्यक्त अभिव्यत्तिलाई नीति तथा कानुनमा आवश्यकताअनुसार सुधार गरि छिटोभन्दा छिटो कार्यान्वयनमा लैजाने हो । यसका सबै सरोकारवाला निकाय र पदाधिकारीहरुलाई गम्भिर हुन आग्रह समेत गर्दछ ।
सम्मेलनको प्रमुख आकर्षणमध्ये एक पूर्वाधार बजार (Infrastructure Bazaar) नेपाल लगानी बोर्डले लगानीका लागि तयारी अवस्थामा रहेका विभिन्न पूर्वाधार परियोजनाहरुको प्रदर्शन समेत गरेको छ । त्यसैगरी, आइडिया स्टुडियोको सहकार्यमा संकलित पूर्वाधार विकाससम्बन्धी आइडियाहरुमध्ये १० आइडिया सम्मेलनमा प्रस्तुत भए र सर्वोत्कृष्ट ३ आइडियाहरु पुरष्किृत समेत भए ।
 

पूर्वाधार शिखर सम्मेलन : एक झलक
सहभागी मुलुकहरु
नेपाल, भारत, चीन, इजरायल (मन्त्रीस्तरीय), फ्रान्स, बंगलादेश, चेक गणतन्त्र, ब्राजिल, भूटान (परराष्ट्र मन्त्रालय), सिंगापुर, मलेसिया, दुबई, अमेरिका

सहभागी संस्थाहरु
ADB, IFC, JICA, DFID, NICCI, FICCI, CCPIT, FBCCI
 

उद्देश्य/उपलब्धी
- नेपाल लगानीको आकर्षक र भर्जिन गन्तव्य हो भन्ने सन्देश प्रवाह भएको,
- नेपालको निजी क्षेत्र Pro-active, क्रियाशील र सक्षम हुँदै गैरहेको छ भन्ने सन्देश प्रवाह भएको,
- पूर्वाधारमा लगानी नगरी दीगो आर्थिक विकास सम्भव छैन भन्ने तथ्यमा सहमति भएको,
- नेपाल पूर्वाधार क्षेत्रमा लगानी बढाउने PPP Model उत्तम विकल्प हो भन्ने तथ्य उद्घाटित भएको
- नेपालको आर्थिक विकासमा ऐक्यवद्धता जनाई सहयोग गर्न अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय समुदाय जागरुक भएको,
- सरकारले छिटो, छरितो, प्रणालीगत र गुणस्तरीय तवरबाट पूँजीगत खर्च गर्नु आवश्यक रहेको,
- नेपालमा आर्थिक विकासका लागि के कस्तो पूर्वाधारको आवश्यकता छ भन्ने सन्दर्भमा Idea Hunt गरिएको थियो

सम्मेलनमा पहिचान भएका विषयवस्तूहरुलाई आवश्यक नियम कानुन बनाएर कार्यान्वयनको चरणमा लैजान सकेमा मात्र सम्मेलनले लिएका उद्देश्य प्राप्तीमा सहयोग पुग्ने भएकाले सञ्चार जगत लगायत सबै सरोकारवालाहरुलाई यस विषयमा निरन्तर पैरवीको लागि हार्दिक अनुरोध छ ।

 

Nepal Infrastructure Summit 2017
Major Outcomes


The Summit discussed on issues that shape incentives for investment and enable the private sector to become an indispensable ally in infrastructure-led economic growth. The Summit focused on the strategic vision of the country, policy and regulatory enablers, value proposition, competitiveness, among others.

There were eight different sessions including two parallel ones. More than 450 individuals from 15 different countries participated in the Summit. There were around 70 speakers in the panel who shared their invaluable experiences and provided insights into the infrastructure needs of the nation.

Strategic Vision

GoN must establish a clear vision for the infrastructure needs of the country beyond 2022 and ensure that plans, strategies and policies prepared by line ministries and departments are aligned with due inclusion of the role of private sector.

- Nepal has performed well in social development and now it is the high time to focus more on the infrastructure led economic development.
- Nepal has a tremendous potential for growth and private sector has humongous opportunity for investment in various sectors. Given the Nepal’s infrastructure gap, the investors not only benefit from current growth but can capture the future growth.
- Nepal needs to leverage the benefit of having economically powerful neighbors like India and China.
- Nepal as a country must keep its eyes focused on the Megatrends and align its policies and programs accordingly.
- Connectivity especially railway, road and Airports are fundamental for Development.
- Nepal should focus on rail network as it is cheaper and greener. Kathmandu – Delhi and Kathmandu – Kolkatta could be the possibility.
- Nepal should take advantage of China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) policy to integrate Nepal with the regional economies.
- Initiate Joint regional projects in the Himalayan region with due attention to curb the effects of climate change, support biodiversity and generate employment.
- Multilateral development banks such as ADB should support Nepal in acquiring climate finance to build green and resilient infrastructure.
- Establish of Project Bank to show the private sector, that there is a line of sight to the large number of investment ready pipeline projects that enables the investors to take the projects seriously.

Policy and Regulatory Enablers

Government of Nepal must fine tune the regulatory framework to create a more efficient and attractive investment climate.  Provide clarity and certainty to investors on key processes in the investment and development of infrastructure projects.

- Nepal should endeavor to attract large FDI, improve competitiveness, pursue second generation reforms and build world class PPP environment.
- Nepal’s medium-term ambition to become a middle-income nation by 2030 needs huge commitments for investment in infrastructure
- Nepal need to devise policies to utilize the large amount of remittance that is entering the country into the productive sector like infrastructure development.
- Adequate investigation and feasibilities should be undertaken to ensure timely completion of the projects.
- Infrastructure Development Bank has to come into existence.
- Insolvency laws need to be revised for banks to offer non-recourse finance
- Government of Nepal should involve private sector while formulating new laws, bills and seek their advice.
- Funds allocated to Green infrastructure has been growing globally. The lack of credit rating has been pushing back Nepal in terms of prospective investors. Nepal needs to have a sovereign risk rating immediately.
- Rupee denominated bonds need to be raised from abroad.
- Global carbon pricing should be made effective in Nepal.

Value Proposition
Private sector must clearly communicate its capabilities and capacities in investing and developing large infrastructure projects.

- The investors and government needs to broaden their horizon and it’s high time we concentrate on megatrends in terms of urbanization, smart and green cities and mobility.
- Public and Private sector can and should include the element of SMART ness in creating infrastructure.
- Cost effectiveness and the reliability are the key elements that the private sector should ensure.
- Infrastructure financing needs long term financing mechanisms for which new funding mechanism to be devised.
- Demonstration PPP projects in various sectors should be undertaken to set an example and signal the market.
- Need strong institutional capacity from developers and consulting industry. Investment in creating human capital is crucial.
- Nepal should leapfrog by acquiring idea and technology from the countries that have successfully developed their infrastructure.
- Capacity of domestic construction industry has improved over the past 10-15 years. They can be good partners for international investors and developers.
- As the investment in infrastructure requires large fund and longer commitment period, private sector should also seek for FDIs rather than solely depending on the domestic banking institutions.
- Stakeholders must ensure that the built infrastructure comply with Quality standards.
- Government and development partner have realized that Private sector must be included in the mainstream of infrastructure development.
- Summit also has strong view that a bipartite but doable mechanism must be formed to follow up and implement the suggestion of the summit.
- CNI should create an effective and professional Infrastructure Cell and effectively follow-up and build on the achievements of this Summit.

Competitive Environment
Private and public sector must promote competition and establish competitive practices.

- Share bureaucratic and financial expertise and experiences from high growth nations to reduce the capacity gap.
- Private and public sectors are like two side of coin and who share the risks and bring their competitive advantage at the table for greater public benefit.

Eight projects were presented in the Business Forum by the Investment Board Nepal and there has been a lot of interest from the potential investors.
- Chemical Fertilizer Plant-Project
- East West Electrified Railway
- East-West Railway Link to India
- Kathmandu Valley Metro
- Kathmandu-Kulekhani-Hetauda Tunnel Highway
- Kathmandu-Pokhara Railway
- Second International Airport (SIA)
- Tamakoshi 3 Hydropower

Another attraction of the summit has been the Infrastructure bazar where 10 innovative ideas were shortlisted and three of them were awarded. The key objective of the endeavor is the incorporate the views of common people in this discourse of Nation Building.

During the meeting with Minister Suresh following topics were noted;
- India has pledged $340M worth of investment in the road sector
- Proposed to establish a Round table on Infrastructure Development in Nepal
- Establish a Trans National Forum on the effects of Climate Change
- Collaboration of Indian Foundation and CNI Think Tank.

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